Unit 1

Unit 1

Lessons 1-2

Ex. 2 (a)

Positive

Negative

Contextual

Brave

Sociable

Friendly

Helpful

Easy-going

Courageous

Romantic

Patient

Tolerant

Creative

Relaxed

Sociable

Outgoing

Intelligent

Understanding

Sensitive

Responsible

Well-wishing

Decent

Honest

Angry

Indifferent

Nervous

Aggressive

Selfish

Obstinate

Shy

Ambitious

Determined

Generous

Inquisitive

Fun-loving

Ex. 2(c)

Positive

Negative

Contextual

Affable

[??f? b? l]

Amiable

Good-natured kind,

Kind-hearted

Good-humoured

Communicative, sociable [?so???b? l]

Dignified

Proud [pra? d]

Modest friendly

Considerate, attentive thoughtful

Earnest

Sensible

Reasonable

Tactful

Enthusiastic

Calm [k? m], quiet

Self-possessed

Merciful

Forbearing

Sympathetic

Respectable

Cordial

Reserved

Disciplined

Well-behaved

Polite

Obedient [o??bidi? nt]

Witty

Talented

Bright, gifted [?g? ft? d]

Wise

Capable

Diligent

Conscientious [?k? n? i??n??s]

Industrious, hard-working

Well-read

Broad-minded

Philanthropic

Consistent

Affectionate

Devoted

Loyal

Persistent

Punctual

Persevering [p? rs??v?

r??]

Reliable [r??la??b? l]

Just, fair

Outspoken, frank

Sincere [s? n? s? r]

Good-natured

Strong-willed

Unkind, hard-hearted

Uncommunicative

Unsociable

Humble

Ill-tempered

Hostile [?h? sta? l]

Bully [?b? li]

Haughty [?h??ti]

Presumptuous [pr??z? mptj??s]

Arrogant

Impudent

Cheeky

Pert

Impertinent [?m? p??t? n? nt]

Impudent

Dashing

Conceited [k? n? si? t? d]

Arrogant

Hypocritical [?h? p??kr? t? k? l]

Boastful

Unscrupulous

Greedy

Inconsistent

Tactless

Shameless

Insincere

Lazy-bones

Silly

Block-head

Dishonest

Deceitful

Vulgar

Double-faced [?d? b? lfe? st]

Dispassionate [d??sp???n? t]

Fussy

Dull

Bore

Unrestrained

Irritable

Capricious [k??pr???s]

Short-tempered

Cruel

Cunning, sly

Partial

Intolerant

Self-willed, willful

Sulky

Insensible

Inconsiderate

Servile [?s? rv? l]

Harsh

Coarse [?k?:s], rude

Rough [r? f]

Revengeful

Envious [??nvi? s]

Coward [?ka??rd]

Slow-coach [ko??]

Selfish

Benevolent

Scrupulous [?skru? pj? l? s]

Sweet

Gentle

Daring

Insolent

Indiscreet

Indifferent

Mean

Sullen

Jealous [???l? s]

Sloven [?sl? vn]

Touchy [?t??i]

Ex. 3

1. sociable

2. indifferent

3. Ambitious

4. brave

5. sensitive

6. aggressive

Ex. 6

1. b

2. c

3. a

4. b

5. a

6. b

Ex. 10

1. Irina Asks not to criticize her. She knows all her drawbacks.

2. Oles said that he helped his friends when they faced either difficulties or hardships.

3. Myroslav says that Steve is very tolerant because he usually accepts his friends’ ideas even if he doesn’t agree with them.

4. Tamara said that she was very generous to the kids.

5. Tom advises not to argue with Ken. He is very obstinate.

6. Oksana asked to talk to my mother as she could give me sound advice.

Ex. 11

About Myself

A. I want to escape from my present life to seek adventure in another country. For me the sea is a symbol of freedom, but it also gives me a sense of security – a sense that there is something that never changes. However, >

B. I am a serious person and like to base my life on definite ideas and values. At the same time I am ambitious and the mountains represent a challenge for me; I have a strong desire to do well and succeed. Hike the outdoor life and hate wasting time. I expect something fantastic – I am not satisfied with something that is second best.

C. I am an imaginative and creative person. The hills stimulate my imagination and sometimes lead me to daydreaming instead of concentrating on the matter in hand. I am an affectionate person and enjoy the company of a lot of people around me. I am sentimental and romantic, but I can trust others too much or to look for something which isn’t there.

D. I do not like to be alone, but prefer the company of other people – especially those who are similar to myself. I feel protected in small groups and look for people who share the same ideas as me. Roofs represent somewhere to hide away from the problems and difficulties of the world. I am a good and faithful friend – someone that people can trust.

E. I am a person who is always looking for action, I want things to happen – but sometimes I want an easy solution when there isn’t one. I look for order and logic in everything, even in love. I don’t have much imagination, but I am very practical and have skills that other people envy.

F. I feel the need to achieve strong results and will spend any amount of money to achieve my desired objectives. I am fascinated by destiny, but I don’t give in to it easily. I like to keep up to date and have an interest in fashion. I am a leader – I wasn’t born to follow the others like a sheep. Big cities represent for me places where you have the space to act. I look for stability and an uncomplicated relationship. I don’t trust sentimentality and I don’t allow myself to be led by unrealisable dreams.

Lessons 3-4

Ex. 2 c.

1. b, c

2. b

3. a

4. a

5. a

6. b

Ex. 6

1. Steve asked Dan if he liked rap music.

2. Clare wondered what clothes Ann liked to wear.

3. Ron was interested where Carol had learned to dance.

4. Kjersten asked Susan where he could find information about youth culture.

5. Kim wondered if I often went to the parties.

6. William wanted to know if Bill had ever had problems with his friends

7. Laryssa asked Kate what her attitude towards graffiti art was.

8. Inna wondered if the teenagers faced the same problems everywhere.

Ex. 7

Group A

1. Do you think teenagers today should show more respect for adults? (teachers, parents etc.)

2. Do you think that wearing uniforms to school is a good idea?

3. What type of punishment did your parents use when you were a teenager?

4. How do you feel about swearing? Does it matter if teenagers sometimes use bad language?

5. What do you think parents can do to help teenagers avoid depression?

6. Do you have a good relationship with your parents? Why or why not?

7. Do you think it’s a good idea to give teenagers a lot of freedom? (example: come home when you like) How much freedom should parents give to their teenagers?

8. What is the most important thing a parent can do for a teenager?

9. Why do you think some teenagers do good things and others (in the same family often) do bad things?

10. What are the advantages of being a child, a teenager and an adult? What are the disadvantages?

11. Should teenagers work? Why or why not?

12. At what age should teenagers be allowed to smoke?

13. At what age should teenagers be allowed to drink?

14. At what age should teenagers be allowed to drive?

15. At what age should teenagers be allowed to get married?

16. At what age should teenagers be allowed to vote?

17. Do you know any good role models for teenagers? Do you know any teenagers who don’t act like other teens? Why do you think they act differently?

18. Can teens change the world? If yes, how? If not, why not?

19. What do you think are the greatest problems facing the teenagers of today?

20. How do media affect the thinking patterns of the teenagers of today? Do you think that advertising plays an important role in how teenagers think?

21. As a teenager, what do you think you can contribute to society?

22. If you were a parent and your teenage child did something wrong, how would you discipline him/her?

Ex. 8

1. What is your name?

2. How old are you?

3. What is your hobby?

4. What do you like doing in your free time?

5. Do you like swimming?

6. What are your plans for future?

7. What do you think about teenagers who dye their hair blue, green, or another crazy colour?

8. What do you think about rock videos?

9. Do you think fashion changed or affected your life?

1. I asked her what her name was.

2. I asked her how old she was.

3. I asked her what her hobby was.

4. I asked her what she liked doing in her free time.

5. I asked her if she liked swimming.

6. I asked her what her plans for future were.

7. I asked her what she thought about teenagers who dye their hair blue, green, or another crazy colour.

8. I asked her what she thought about rock videos.

9. I asked her if she thought fashion had changed or affected her life.

Lessons 5-6

Ex. 1

1. E

2. D

3. B

4. C

5. A

Ex. 3

1. F

2. T

3. F

4. T

5. T

6. T

7. F

Ex. 4 (b)

1. hairstyle

2. invention

3. stylists

4. extraordinary

5. colours

6. involved

7. machinery

8. disappear

9. to attract

10. unique

11. youth

12. pigtails

13. safety

14. attractiveness

Ex. 4

1. to give attractiveness

2. disappear

3. amateur

4. understanding

5. artificial

6. unique

Lessons 7-8

Ex. 1(e)

A. 2

B. 4

C. 3

D. 6

E. 1

F. 5

Ex. 2

A 2

D 6

C 3

E 1

Ex. 3

1. F

2. T

3. T

4. T

5. T

6. F

Ex. 4

Ann said that she had never thought the could paint on somebody’s face.

Ann suggested finishing a star above her eyes.

Ann asked is she had made that on her own.

Ann asked if Jane was going to participate in the show.

Jane said that that was the most difficult dance she had ever had.

Ann said that boys didn’t like classic dance so he did an amazing job.

She asked her what was wrong.

Olena said that they had never trained to dance break together.

Ann said that it radiated warmth; the colours of autumn were terrific.

Olena paid that they had to hurry up.

Ex. 6

1. is also associated

2. wear

3. must be done

4. is known

5. to get

5. includes

6. made

7. was improvised

8. began

9. were

10. are

Ex. 8

Problems of the youth

The adults always say that the young are not what they were. These words are repeated from generation to generation. To some extent they are true, because every new generation grows up quicker, enjoys more freedom. It is better educated and benefits from the results of the technological progress of the time.

Young people of today do not directly accept the standards of their parents who believe that they are right because they are older. The adults don’t want their values to be questioned. The young on the other hand can not accept the values of their “fathers”. All these differences generate a generation gap when the young and adult do not understand one another. As a rule the adults, dissatisfied with their own lives, teach the young how to live. Unfortunately, the adults apply old standards to the new way of life. This burden is very heavy. They think that the world is going down hill. The majority of the young people do not want to live in the past. They have their own ideals. They want to make their own mistakes rather than to listen to the warnings of the adults and repeat the mistakes of the older generation. They want to overcome their own difficulties without looking back. However, the life of the young is frequently determined by the adults.

The existence of sub-culture which is specific for every generation is a form of protest of the young people against the values of the adults. Thus, informal groups such as Hippies, Rockers, Bikers, Skinheads, Punks, Goths, Acid House appeared as a kind of protest against the values and lifestyles of the older people. Traditionally, young people were looking at their elders for guidance. Today the situation is different. Sometimes the young people share information and experience with their parents. I think that it is not bad, especially when the adults really try to understand what is going on in the lives of their children. Moreover, young people grow up so quickly that they almost do not have time to enjoy their childhood.

Another problem that young people face today concerns their relationship with their friends. As far as friendship is concerned, I think that a person can and should have a lot of friends. He/she can be on good terms with the classmates. But at the same time there can be only two or three real friends. I believe that real friends will never betray each other. They will always understand and help each other. I agree that tolerance is the pledge of friendship. It is wonderful if a school friend will remain your friend for the rest of your life. But in this case everything depends on the person.

The problem of love is very important for young people. Today they fall in love when they reach the age of Romeo and Juliet. Romanticism and idealism very often accompany the love of the young. They can love deeply and passionately, they believe that their love will last forever. Unfortunately, often their hearts are broken. Young people are not always ready to have stable relations. In many cases they are too young and inexperienced to begin a family life. They have to continue their education, while family obligations will force them to make money. At the same time without good education it is not easy to find a good job.

Communication has always been an important part of young people’s lives. Today they can choose between traditional and new ways of communication. Traditionally the young meet after classes with their school friends, make parties, go to the movies or disco clubs to have fun, relax and acquire new friends. But if the young people do not like noisy clubs and other places of entertainment, they can find friends without leaving their homes – the Internet gives such an opportunity. >

Youth Problems

Youth is the time when a person is trying to find his place in the world. And during this search he or she comes across different problems which are as important as those of the adults. The youth of the twenty first century face almost the same the problems which were acute to their parents when they were young.

One of the most important problem of the youth is a generation gap. Every generation is unique in its experience. It has its own ideals and a system of values concerning every aspect of human life. Adults always complain that the young are not what they were. These words are repeated from generation to generation. Undoubtedly it is correct. In fact today the young are better educated. They grow up more quickly. They derive joy from more freedom. At present the young do not blindly accept the ideals of their parents. For them everything that the adults bear in mind is past history. The young know what they want. They prefer to make their own mistakes rather than to listen to the warnings of the adults. The young want to live their own life. They want to overcome their own difficulties without turning back.

It is known far and wide that the clash of tastes and values between generations occurs in the main in highly developed countries. Occasionally it was sharp, especially in the 1960s and ‘70s in Western Europe and the USA.

I think that the only way to solve this insoluble problem both the young and adults should be tolerant and patient. Despite our generation differences there are no clashes of values in our family and my parents are my best friends. They always help me, console me, and try to help me to solve my problems.

Lessons 9-10

Ex. 2

1. June 15. 1994

2. her father, mum, brother and Aunt Molly

3. High School

4. a couple of certificates

5. a few close friends

6. in Florida

Lesson 12

Ex. 1

1. has got

2. look for

3. say

4. was

5. are sitting

6. is wearing

7. have

8. are

9. are spending

10. are fooling around

Ex. 2

1. Katia asked what Jane was going to do the following day.

2. Semen wanted to know if Christina had made the costume by herself.

3. Vasyl wondered if Oleh had decorated the school assembly hall for the party.

4. Victoria was interested where Maria had learned to dance so well.

5. James asked Helen if she was going to participate in the show.

6. Larysa wanted to know who had written that invitation card.

Ex. 4

1. to achieve your aim

2. better the real world does

3. you are responsible

4. show up

5. parents

6. yourself

7. you can

Ex. 6

Dear Kathleen,

My name is Maria Petrova and I’m 14. I am from Kharkiv, Ukraine.

I am a pupil of 9th form and I am studying at a specialized school. I want to communicate with people from different countries. I am looking for a friend to communicate, to rest… And to develop my English. I can help you to develop your

Russian and Ukrainian. I like the English language and want to improve it.

I think I am a good-humoured, very responsible, hard-working and emotional person. I like creativity and appreciate this trait in others. I don’t like to lie and I feel when others do. I try not to be late and I hate when others don’t come on time. I prefer to associate with clever and polite people. It is very annoying when somebody whom I trust turns out to be unreliable. But I try to treat other people so as I want them to treat me.

As for my interests I am fond of psychology in the sphere of dealing with people and the questions of how to form your thoughts in the most favourable way. I adore travelling, seeing other people, their traditions, customs, to get acquainted with their culture, going sightseeing. Besides I like different kinds of music, I like music with rhythm you can dance to.

I am tall – 170 cm. I’m slim. I have a round face, straight nose, big brown eyes and small lips. My hair is short because last week I was in the hairdressing saloon where I’ve got a new hair-do. Generally I like it. My nature colour of hair is light brown. My hair is straight and thick, but when I was a little girl I had curly hair. I like to be different and occasionally to change something in my appearance.

I am often told that I look like my granny. But it seems to me that I look like my mum a bit.

Generally I can’t say that I am beautiful but I also don’t consider that I am ugly. Maybe lam pretty for somebody and plain, ordinary for others. Everyone thinks in his own way.

Perhaps that’s all I can tell you about myself. Now you have some notion about me.

Can you tell the same about yourself? Write me about your life, your interests and hobbies.

Write about what you like doing and why. Describe your appearance and your personality.

Looking forward to hearing from you.

Best regards,

Maria




Unit 1