MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY ART
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати естетичний смак і загальну культуру учнів.
1) Do you enjoy art? If yes, why? Why is art important?
2) What kind of art is your country famous for?
Listen to the text about Charlie Chaplin’s early life and do the task.
He was believed to have been born on April 16, 1889. There is some doubt whether April 16 is actually his birthday, and it is possible he was not born in 1889. There is also uncertainty about his birthplace: London or Fontainebleau, France. There is no doubt, however, as to his parentage: he was born to Charles Chaplin, Sr. and Hannah Harriette Hill (aka Lily Harley on stage), both Music Hall entertainers. His parents separated soon after his birth, leaving him in the care of his increasingly unstable mother.
In 1896, Chaplin’s mother was unable to find work; Charlie and his older half-brother Sydney Chaplin had to be left in the workhouse at Lambeth, moving after several weeks to Hanwell School for Orphans and Destitute Children. His father died an alcoholic when Charlie was 12, and his mother suffered a mental breakdown, and was eventually admitted temporarily to the Cane Hill Asylum at Coulsdon (near Croydon). She died in 1928 in the United States, two years after coming to the States to live with Chaplin, by then a commercial success.
Charlie first took to the stage when, aged five, he performed in Music Hall in 1894, standing in for his mother. As a child, he was confined to a bed for weeks due to a serious illness, and, at night, his mother would sit at the window and act out what was going on outside. In 1900, aged 11, his brother helped get him the role of a comic cat in the pantomime Cinderella at the London Hippodrome. In 1903 he appeared in ‘Jim, A Romance of Cockayne’, followed by his first regular job, as the newspaper boy Billy in Sherlock Holmes, a part he played into 1906. This was followed by Casey’s ‘Court Circus’ variety show, and, the following year, he became a clown in Fred Karno’s ‘Fun Factory’ slapstick comedy company.
According to immigration records, he arrived in the United States with the
Karno troupe on October 2, 1912. In the Karno Company was Arthur Stanley Jefferson, who would later become known as Stan Laurel. Chaplin and Laurel shared a room in a boarding house. Stan Laurel returned to England but Chaplin remained in the United States. Chaplin’s act was seen by film producer Mack Sennett, who hired him for his studio, the Keystone Film Company.
1) Chaplin might have been born some years earlier than is currently believed.
2) Chaplin’s mother died before her son was successful.
3) Chaplin first performed on the stage after he arrived in the United States.
4) His first serious job was delivering newspapers.
5) His first partner on the stage was the actor, Stan Laurel.
6) He was discovered while working for a British organization in the United States.
Key: 1 T, 2 F, 3 F, 4 F, 5 F, 6 T.
3. Writing and speaking
Do ex. 3, p. 181.
Read the text and write what is the difference between modern and contemporary art.
There have been many different artistic movements throughout history.
They represent groups of artists who agree on general principles. They used similar techniques, materials and ideals in their art.
However, people sometimes encounter difficulties in distinguishing the difference between modern art and contemporary art.
Artrepublic. com defines the term modern art as “a collection of art movements which began in the 19th Century and ended in the 1960’s”.
Contemporary art refers to art that has been created in the recent past. Some experts label any art created from the 1960’s or 1970’s to present day as contemporary art.
Before the Impressionism art movement (1870’s-1890’s) artists were concerned with balance, proportion and perspective capturing their subjects realistically and with as much detail as possible.
According to Artyfactory. com the Impressionists painted quickly with “small strokes of pure colors” giving the viewer a sense of the artist’s feelings.
Post Impressionism (1880-1900) pushed the boundaries of modern art even further and served as the inspiration for Cubism – another form of modern art. It became the first style of abstract art.
Impressionism, Post Impressionism, and Cubism are just a few of the art movements that make up modern art.
Modern art can be considered a rejection of traditional art. Artists developed new approaches to art that reflected their rapidly changing world.
Art created in the recent past or during our lifetimes is called contemporary art. Some people classify any art created after World War II as contemporary while others consider its beginning to be the 1960’s or 1970’s. One such movement is Op art. Op art or optical art began in the 1960’s.
Artists created paintings that appeared to move and disorient the viewer.
Another art movement that falls under the heading of contemporary art is Pop art. Pop artists used bright colors and focused on celebrities and ordinary objects. Andy Warhol is the most famous artist of this movement. Other recent art movements include: Minimal art, Conceptual art and Neoexpressionism.
Art tends to reflect the age in which it was created. Progress and technology influence how art is produced and continue to inspire new forms of art.
Do ex. 4, p. 185.
Ex. 5, p. 185.
MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY ART - Плани-конспекти уроків по англійській мові