UNIT 6. IS THE EARTH IN DANGER?
WHAT CAUSES THEM?
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички читання, аудіювання й усного мовлення; розвивати мовну здогадку й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань.
Bring the pictures of disasters to the class. Ask students to label the pictures with the appropriate vocabulary:
Eruption, fire, wind, destroy, volcano, beach, tsunami, ash, earthquake, building, shift, tremble, burn, rain, explode, changes in the weather, heat pressure, lava, water, drown, tidal wave, cloud, rain, storm, flooding, shake, death, pressure from under the earth, destruction,
Ask and answer questions about each kind of natural disaster.
1) What is disaster 1?
2) Describe it.
3) What causes it?
4) What can it do? How can it affect humans?
2. Listening and speaking
Listen to a short text and put the jumbled words in the correct order in the task below.
I think there are more natural disasters now than before. Every time I turn on the news there’s some kind of disaster. There are bushfires in Australia and California, earthquakes in China, hurricanes in Mexico and droughts in Africa. I’m sure global warming is creating more natural disasters. I’m lucky. Where I live, we don’t really have natural disasters. I’ve never experienced anything like the things on TV. Japan has many natural disasters. They have earthquakes, typhoons, flooding, volcanoes, all kinds of things. They are lucky they have the money to deal with them. There are countries in Africa that aren’t rich. When a natural disaster hits them, everyone suffers terribly.
I think there are more natural disasters now than before. I Every
> Work in pairs
Write five GOOD questions about natural disasters in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.
When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.
Now return to your original partner and share and talk about what you found out. Change partners often.
Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.
Read some information from an Internet page and answer the questions.
1) When did it happen?
2) Why is an avalanche so dangerous?
3) How did the people turn out in the mountains?
4) Where were the people from?
5) How many people die?
July 25, 2009
An avalanche is a huge snow slide. It can kill skiers or climbers who are buried in this snow slide.
The latest cold weather brought snow to mountains and other high places. Strong winds pushed much more snow onto some places and this could slide down the mountain easily.
A group of skiers in Canterbury, on the mountains near Christchurch, were caught in an avalanche yesterday and one skier died. They were heli skiing which means a helicopter dropped them onto the mountain. They were all experienced in this kind of skiing and had two guides with them.
When the avalanche started, one man was caught by snow up to his waist so others had to dig him out. Another two men were buried. Guides managed to dig them out quite quickly, in about seven or eight minutes, but one was dead. The other one needed mouth-to-mouth resuscitation at first. He said later that all he could move was his tongue so he used his tongue to clear the snow from his nose so that he could breathe. All these men caught in the avalanche were Australian tourists.
1) What happens during an earthquake? How long does an earthquake usually last?
2) What happens during a tsunami?
3) What happens during a typhoon?
4) What are some problems people have right after a natural disaster?
Write about natural disasters.