Цілі: вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати відповідальне ставлення до довкілля.
1) Have you ever heard of an organization called Greenpeace?
2) Do you know what they do?
2. Vocabulary practice
Fill in the gaps.
Greenhouse heat energy carbon dioxide Burn Climate thicker
Fossil fuels Thickening gases power stations back
Carbon Dioxide, one of the (1)… Gases, not only exists naturally in the atmosphere but is also produced when humans fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas). Cars, (2)… and factories all burn (3)… for (4)… (to make a car move or generate electricity).
Create short conversations about the environment using the vocabulary below and try to expand: eating, horn, blue whale, leopard, dam, drilling, energy, petroleum, offshore, rig, deforestation, sea turtle, bamboo, panda, hunting, deforestation, China, oil spill, Serengeti, rhinoceros, Africa, snow leopard, climb, mountains, ocean, condor.
A. Which animal would you like to protect?
A. How is it endangered?
A. Why do you want to protect it? / What do you like about it?
Read the text and answer the questions.
Greenpeace is an international organization that protects the environment. In past years,
Greenpeace has offices in over forty countries, and has about 2.8 million supporters worldwide. The organization receives money from private donations only, never from governments or corporations. Any government or corporate money is returned. Charitable foundations may also donate money.
The organization began in the early 1970s when it wanted to stop an underground nuclear test in Alaska. The United States had planned to detonate a nuclear bomb in a wildlife refuge for sea otters, bald eagles, peregrine falcons, and other wildlife. Greenpeace sailed a boat into the testing area. >
Greenpeace is well known for its protests around the world. Of course they also attend international conferences, meet with politicians, advertise, and educate the public, just to name a few of the ways they fight for the environment. But they are most famous for the protests which involve “direct action”. Volunteers sabotage or vandalize facilities, as well as arrange demonstrations and sit-ins. These are only some examples of direct action. A less hands-on approach, such as donating money, is indirect action. With direct action, Greenpeace hopes to bring the media’s attention to a problem, who will then report it to the general public. As such, Greenpeace looks for creative ways to get on the news. One common method has been for volunteers to place their boat in front of a harpoon or whaling ship to save the whales. This creates a powerful image for TV news and newspapers. The organization refrains from any violent protests, though. Their official mission statement is: Greenpeace is an independent, campaigning organization which uses non-violent, creative confrontation to expose global environmental problems, and to force solutions for a green and peaceful future. Greenpeace’s goal is to ensure the ability of the earth to nurture life in all its diversity.
Many of Greenpeace’s activities are considered illegal, either because they involve trespassing onto private property or they are acts of civil disobedience. For all the good they may have done to help save the Earth, some opponents have called the organization “environmental terrorists”.
1) What is Greenpeace?
2) What does Greenpeace fight against?
3) Who donates money to the organization?
4) How did the organization start?
5) What happened to the Alaskan sanctuary?
6) How does Greenpeace bring change and protect the environment?
7) What is Greenpeace particularly noted for?
8) Can you explain “direct action?”
9) Why are Greenpeace’s activities often illegal?
10) What do Greenpeace’s opponents call the organization?
5. Reading and speaking
Do ex. 4, p. 153.
6. Reading and speaking
Do ex. 5, p. 153.
What do you think of environmental groups like Greenpeace?
Do ex. 6, p. 154.